How to Safely Handle Lithium Batteries
This entry was posted on March 22, 2017.
HOW TO SAFELY HANDLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Applies to Valen ENLiFEN Range
Lithium Batteries are customised so it is essential to use these batteries within their limitations as serious and fatal consequences may be caused as a result of incorrect use. As lithium is a relatively new technology new safety precautions are being added over time. Please note the below safety precautions are in ADDITION to standard VRLA precautions;
1 - DO NOT short circuit the battery. Whilst the BMS may be designed to handle peak current delivery, the initial discharge current could be very high and damage the internal cells.
2 - Never disassemble Lithium batteries or the internal battery cells. Disassembling may cause internal short circuiting within the cell generating gas, fire, and risk of explosion.
3 - The electrolyte - if leaked from a damaged battery or cell, is harmful to skin and Should the electrolyte come into contact with the skin or eyes, flush immediately with fresh water and obtain medical advice promptly.
4 - DO NOT incinerate nor dispose of the cells in fire. This may cause explosion of the cells. Speak to Regal Electro regarding recycling of Lithium batteries.
5 - Battery or cell replacement should only be done by a suitably qualified technician
6 - Do not allow the battery to become subject to any force which would cause damage. Do not use batteries or cells if physical damage is This may be evidenced by; deformation, leaking of the electrolyte, a gash or cut in the case, etc.
7 - Do not allow the batteries to come in contact with water or any other liquid. Any contact may damage the protection circuit resulting in incorrect charging and consequently causing overheating, explosion or fire.
8 - In the event of fire, if possible, move burning apparatus to outside. If safe, extinguish with plenty of water
9 - Do not store, operate or charge Lithium batteries in areas where they come in contact with a direct heat source. For example, on a window sill or near an operating machine
10 - Store and Operate Lithium batteries out of the reach of children and animals
11 - Beware of fake or modified Lithium batteries as these may have missing components, such as the electronic BMS (Battery Management System), exposing the user to major risk. Contact Regal Electro if you are unsure as to your lithium batteries authenticity
12 - Mains Power Charging Lithium Batteries: Always charge the lithium battery with a designed and approved lithium charger. Failure to do so may cause the battery to under charge, swell, rupture or explode. Please contact Regal Electro for assistance with approved chargers
13 - Solar Charging Lithium Batteries: Always ensure that the solar charge controller or regulator has been modified to accept the lithium battery – please contact Regal Electro for charging parameters and suitable solar chargers
14 - Always make sure there is adequate airflow available around the lithium battery when installing or storing as this will prevent the battery from overheating
15 - Lithium batteries are customised so it is best to ensure that the BMS is correctly specified for your application for maximum benefits and safety reasons
16 - It is essential to ensure you have a low voltage disconnection programmed into the BMS on the battery. Without this feature the cell may be over discharged to an extremely low voltage rendering the cell useless. A thermal detection disconnect device, is recommended in case the battery does over heat for any reason.
17 - Always refer the ENLIFEN I&O prior to operating, installing or storing